Periodontics is a subcategory of dentistry that focuses on the supporting structures of a person’s teeth, most notably their gums and mouth bones. The field has experienced considerable growth in recent years due to the prevalence of periodontitis, more commonly known as gum disease. This serious oral health condition involves infection and inflammation of the gums, making them appear swollen and possibly darkened.
Gum disease is caused when a person’s gums become irritated as a result of exposure to toxins that are released by oral bacteria. This causes the gums to become inflamed, and they will eventually start to pull away from the teeth. When this happens, empty spaces known as periodontal pockets are formed. These pockets can quickly become infested with heavy buildups of bacteria, plaque and tartar, allowing the condition to spread more easily. Once this occurs, the condition can reach a person’s jawbone, as well as the connective tissue of their teeth, potentially resulting in tooth loss.
At All About Smiles, we understand the dangers associated with gum disease. We know that the condition can quickly lead to more serious dental problems, and that is why we strongly encourage people suffering from this condition to seek treatment as soon as possible. Our practice offers a wide variety of treatment methods that are designed to put a stop to periodontitis and restore a person’s oral structures to proper health. In the event that you experience gum disease, our experts will be ready to help you every step of the way.
Periodontal laser treatments utilize a special dental laser to access and remove any swollen gum tissue that is present around the root of a tooth. Once the inflamed tissue has been removed, excess plaque is scraped away, and future infections are prevented by smoothing out any rough spots that are present on the root surfaces. After this process is complete, the patient’s gum line will start to regenerate, and it will eventually reattach itself to the teeth. Laser therapy is often a preferred method of treatment for patients because it tends to feature less pain and shorter recovery times than other forms of treatment.
If gum disease is left untreated, it can spread to a person’s jawbone and cause it to deteriorate. Bone grafting procedures are used to reverse the damage that has occurred and restore the jawbone to proper health. This treatment is conducted by applying artificial bone material and special proteins to the deteriorated jawbone. By doing this, the jawbone will start to regenerate and recover over time. Bone grafting procedures are often used when a patient requires dental implants, but their jawbone is too weak to properly support the installation.
Dental Crown Lengthening
Patients suffering from gum disease often experience an unattractive “gummy” smile that is the result of inflamed and swollen gum tissue. When this happens, a cosmetic procedure known as dental crown lengthening can be used to address this problem. This treatment involves removing and reshaping any excess gum tissue that is present, exposing more of the patient’s natural teeth and restoring the appearance of their smile. Dental crown lengthening is also used when teeth have developed damage or decay below the gum line, allowing them to be accessed and restored.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure that is designed to remove any accumulations of plaque, tartar and toxins from above and below a person’s gum line.
Scaling involves using special dental tools to access and remove plaque from the spaces deep within the mouth that cannot be reached during a regular cleaning. Once complete, root planing is conducted to prevent future infections by smoothing out any rough spots that exist on the root surfaces. Together, these two processes are highly effective in controlling gum disease and allowing the gums to recover.
If you are suffering from gum disease and you would like more information about the treatment options that are available to you, please call us at (479) 621-9700 to schedule an appointment.